The Rideau Canal is one of the greatest civil engineering works of the 19th century, and still the oldest, continuously operated canalv in North America. The Rideau Canal and Waterway was designated a National Historic Site in 1926 and a Canadian River in 2000. In 2007, it was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations as it celebrated it's 175th year of operation. It was recognized by UNESCO for it's place in Canada'a history, its amazing engineering feats, as well its beauty and importance to the area's development, both commercial and recreational.
A celtic cross near the mouth of the Canal reads:
In memory of 1,000 workers and their families who died building this Canal 1826-1832.
From Ottawa, Ontario, Canada's capital city on the Ottawa River to Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario, the historic Rideau Waterway may be explored by boat, automobile, and bicycle. The Rideau Waterway and its water-side towns constitute one of the most popular tourist and recreation areas in Ontario. Every year, tens of thousands of boats pass through its locks, and millions more visit its parks, beaches, and historical sites. The waterway, an engineering marvel and amazing achievement in 1826, is a series of rivers, lakes and wetlands connected by man-made canals and locks, which passes through the rock and forest of the Canadian Shield, farms, and small towns - truly a cruiser's dream.
The 198-kilometre (123 mi) waterway has 45 locks at 22 lock stations (only 10% of the total length) connecting pastoral lakes and rivers. Most of the lock stations are operated manually using the same mechanisms that were used in 1832. The massive timber gates and cutstone canal walls that most locks have maintained are engineering marvels. Only 3 locks are not operated by hand. The season is mid-May to mid-October. Hours of operation change with the day of the week and time of year. Note: Beveridges Lockstation to the Tay Canal must be pre-arranged (613-359-5377) in spring and fall. [Locking]
The maximum size of boat that can normally use the Waterway channel and locks is 27.4m (90ft) long, 7.9m (26ft) wide, 6.7m (22ft) high, and 1.5m (5ft) deep. If your boat is near these limits, contact the Canal office before planning a cruise throught the Waterway. (Canal Facts) Water levels are controlled by dams and locks, but flooding or droughts can affect water levels. Check Notices to Mariners or ask any lockmaster about water levels.
"How long does it take?", everyone asks. Wrong question. It depends on the time of year and your boat. Spring/fall hours are very short. It takes at least 4 days to travel the 202 km. waterway (one-way) if you travel without stopping and get lucky with weather and lock schedules. The Ottawa locks down to the Ottawa River take another day if you are continuing to Montreal. A canoe takes 6 to 12 days (see links). Plan time for visits ashore and "rain days", and you will enjoy the trip more.
Overnight docking, washrooms, picnic tables and garbage disposal are available at most lock stations. Some have power outlets and phones. Washrooms are sometimes locked during off hours. Canal fees are charged for locking and dockage separately - multiple-day and annual passes are available. Canal staff can answer your questions, but there is lots of tourist information available (see contacts). See our boat packing list for a holiday on the canal.
Boats can dock during the day at town docks such as Portland and Seeley's Bay and marinas to shop.Some restaurants offer free docks to have a meal. Towns docks often have washrooms and parks nearby, or even free Wi-Fi. Some towns (Westport, Kingston) charge a day dock fee.
There are great walking trails at these lockstations: Ottawa, Burritts Rapids, Merrickville, Jones Falls and Kingston Mills. This cruising guide is organized by the towns along the waterway, which are also good for walking. Enjoy the trip!
You can buy a pass for locking and overnight docking from the Lockmaster or Canal offices. Only a few decades ago locking and docking were free - only day-docking is free now at lockstations. Cars must pay to park at lockstations close to cities. Camping can be arranged for boaters and paddlers travelling the waterway. Boat repairs, fuel and docks with power are available at resorts and near towna.
Boat-watch under a shady tree at the Narrows Lock, visit Livingston (Colonel By) Island, the Tay Canal to Perth, anchor at Morton Bay, walk around Westport, chat with the lock staff, visit the blacksmith at Jones Falls, shop in the Kingston market, dine out in Merrickville, walk the Burritts Rapids Trail, dock in the shadow of Parliament Hill. The Rideau Canal Festival is first weekend in August. On with the cruise...
From Ottawa, you rise with each lock going "upstream" so the red pointed spar buoys are on your right and the green flat spar buoys on your left. At Newboro Locks the locks take you back "downstream" and buoys are now reversed with the red pointed spars on your left (port) side and the green flat spars on your right (starboard).
Speed limits and "no wake" zones are clearly marked with floating markers. Watch your wake - swimmers, fishermen and paddlers can be easily injured. Boat wakes are a major problem on the Rideau Canal. Local and provincial Police and Parks Canada are working together to solve the problem. Slow down and enjoy the waterways - the loons will thank you.
* Compass icons lead to Google Maps *
Ottawa has an impressive flight of 8 locks lifting boats 24 metres (79 feet) from the Ottawa River to the man-made canal, taking 1-2 hours. This scene is duplicated in numerous paintings and photos of Canada's beautiful capital city.
Above the locks is 150 metres (500') of dockage along the canal wall ($2.30/m in 2003). In the Ottawa River side of the locks, there is 45 metres (150') of docks. The Rockcliffe Boathouse is 2 kilometres east of the locks, Hull Marina is on the Quebec shore. The canal joins the Rideau river south of Hog's Back Lock.
You can tie up along the canal in the heart of downtown within a short walk of the Parliament Buildings, National Arts Centre, National Gallery, the Bytown Museum, the Byward Market with local produce, and shopping at the Rideau Centre. The popular Tulip Fesival in May offers boat flotillas with decorated, lighted boats. There are festivals all summer close to the canal. Winter brings the world's longest outdoor skating rink and "Winterlude" festival in February. See our Ottawa Boating page.
There is a tourist kiosk by the Arts Centre (613-239-5000 1-800-363-4465). Colonel By Drive beside the Canal is closed to traffic Sunday morning (9 am to 1 pm) for cyclists, in-line skaters, runners and walkers. Rent a bike near the Ottawa locks.
Ottawa is relatively safe, but you would be wise to dock with other boats amd lock movable gear inside when you leave the boat. City of Ottawa, RCMP and the National Capital Commission have coordinated security patrols and cameras at the Ottawa Locks, the most popular stop along the waterway.
Mute Swans can seen in the Rideau River (parallel to the canal) from Hogs Back Falls to Rideau Falls on the Ottawa River. They are descendants of swans that were donated to the city by Queen Elizabeth II as part of Canada's 1967 Centennial.
Farther along, Dow's Lake Pavillion has a marina with facilities and restaurants. To the north is the main site of the spring Tulip Festival; to the south is Canada's "Experimental Farm", an urban agricultural station with acres of trees, flowers, fields, greenhouses, barns, and trails! The "Arboretum" looks like a water-side park, but almost every tree is labelled. The rock gardens are a favorite for wedding photos. The Fletcher wild flower garden is a natural paradise. [Ottawa boating links | Canada's Capital | City of Ottawa]
Travelling south, 30 to 50 boats might pass through Hartwells Locks 9 and 10 on a busy day, while many hundreds of bikes and pedestrians cross over the lock doors between Carleton University and the Experimental Farm. The lockmaster orchestrates this 4-way traffic. Hogs Back Lock has a bridge that opens on a schedule, so taller boats must wait.
Canadians warm to winter by turning their frozen rivers and lakes into skating rinks! In Ottawa, the Rideau Canal turns into the world's longest skating rink (7.8 kilometres) which hosts the Winterlude carnival in early February where the unique "beavertails" are sold [yum]!
Manotick is south of Ottawa, as the waterway becomes a river south from Long Island Lock. This village is your last stop for supplies before Ottawa, but also the only town that waterway boaters cannot easily access.
Best access for shopping is anchoring in Mahogany Harbour, named for the boats moored there. At Long Island (N138), leave the Waterway and procede north-west of the island for about 1 km (half mile), admiring the mahogany boats. As the river widens you will see a road on your left. Anchor in this bay, and dinghy to shore by a road bridge over a small stream. In 2017, there are plans for a floating boardwalk with day-docking for kayaks, dinghies, etc. [map] Walk north on Manotick Main St. and turn west (left) into "The Mews" shopping center, which has a supermarket, drugstore (post office), hardware, beer, liquor, pet store, bank restaurants, clothing, shoes. Manotick Main Street has RBC, OfficePro, barber, First Choice, and several restaurants. Visit the historic Watson's Mill, Dickinson House and the Carriage House (sells used book) in Dickinson Square. You can buy flour and bread made from the Mill's stone-ground flour. Get feed for the ducks in the river if you have kids. The Manotick Directory has events, maps, and tourist information.
There is also a small day-dock at the bridge over the main channel available for small boats. Nearby to the North-East is Chinese take-out, pizza and breakfast, Tim Hortons, bank, drug store, and a gas (diesel) station.-->
Just south of Manotick is Manotick Marina, where we kept our first boat many years ago. A little farther, you can stop at Kelly's Landing for gas and lunch on the east side of the river. Their water-side patio is very popular. As you proceed through this area, note there are many docked boats, canoes, ski boats and swimmers, as well as large boats going 50 mph! Slow down - I live here! Just before the Kars bridge is Hurst Marina, a full service marina right beside "The Swan" pub in the Tudor house next door. It has a labelled "guest dock" for boaters stopping to eat in the restaurant. South of the bridge is a small marina (photo) and further along is a low concrete free day dock in the village of Kars which has a convenience store with gas. [map] A convenience store and gas bar is a short walk from this dock (free, day use only). Not far along on the right, you may be lucky to see Bob Harlowe's "Ice Cream Float" boat anchored at the Baxter Conservation Area every afternoon in July and August, selling cones to people on the beach. If the beach is not busy, he sells to passing boats. Before you reach the bridges at Kemptville, there is one more marina in "Long Reach" on the east side.
Becketts Landing (Chart 1512) fixed bridge clearance is 6.7 m. Check Notices to Mariners for updates or ask any lockmaster about water levels that affect clearances and depths shown on the charts.
At Beckett's Landing, on the north shore, you may see Ludlow Boat Works where a dedicated group is restoring Canada's oldest registered sailing ship, "Canada". A century old, it is being reborn rib by rib, and was once one of the fastest ships of its kind. It sailed until 1965. Have a look, or lend a hand!
This town is known as the "Jewel of the Rideau". It is a picturesque village where we first discovered the beauty of the Rideau 20 years ago by renting a small cruiser from a local boatyard. Peter Ayling said we had "missed" the best years on the waterway - of course, we now say the very same thing! The town has many shops by the canal where you can buy old books, art, sculpture, crafts, hand-made clothing and antiques. Right at the bridge, are restaurants and pubs. The historical Sam Jakes Inn overlooks the locks. Walk across the bridge to see the ruins and the dam. People drive here from Ottawa on weekends to eat, shop and look at the boats.
The Rideau Migratory Bird Sanctuary is 800 hectares (2800 acres) on the western edge of Merrickville beside the river, some of the best wetlands along the Rideau Waterway. This haven is possible due to the willing participation of the landowners. THIS IS NOT A PARK! Scientists from the Canadian Wildlife Service estimates that the traffic of geese and ducks is comparable to that found in staging areas in Ontario's Prince Edward County and around Wolfe Island in Lake Ontario.
Smiths Falls is a good place to buy supplies as it is the largest town along the central part of the canal. Before you reach the lock, tie up along the wall beside the Mariners Inn. A short walk brings you to a supermarket and beer store. Lock through the "big" lock to reach Victoria Park in the Smiths Falls basin, which holds many boats in a lovely holding pond between locks. There are stores and eateries on the main street by the bridge. Sometimes the water tastes of sulphur - order beer instead!
The Rideau Canal Visitor Information Centre is at 34 Beckwith Street near the bridge over the canal.
You can easily spend a week or two here. On my first boat trip here, we spent a week anchoring in several different places, fishing and reading and watching the boats go by. The boat was tiny, but the weather was great and we were 'hooked'. Alas, the beautiful loon we listened to in the evenings is on the "Threatened" list. Learn about your boat's wake so you don't disturb too much of the shoreline where these wonderful birds nest. Baby loons cannot dive to safety like their parents! Many landowners on the waterway are building nesting sites for these shy birds, with some success.
From Lower Rideau Lake there is a nice side trip starting at Beveridge Locks that looks amazingly like the Everglades! The Tay branch is a 11 km (7 mile) section of waterway through a set of locks and the Tay River to Perth, where the Last Duel Campground provides docking. Small boats may be able to pass under the low bridge to reach the Tay Basin in the heart of the town. This is where the last fatal duel was fought in Ontario. Perth has restaurants, arts and crafts and summer festivals.
Fuelling is convenient at Safari Marina at Rideau Ferry, west of the bridge.
Murphy's Point Provincial Park provides a few small docks and a nice bay for anchoring.
If you are near shore, watch for wildlife. Burn off or scrub your grill after a barbeque and put away anything that might attract bears or racoons. Mosquitoes can be nasty along the waterway at certain times of the year, so pack long sleeves, repellant and something with "caine" at the end of the name! [more]
Portland is at the south end of the Big Rideau. There is a bank, grocery store, hardware store, liquor and beer (the cottage crowd shops here). Louis' Pizza is good for those hunger pangs. Sadly, Gallagher House burned down in 1999. Len's Cove Marina, is a reputable boat broker. It has a swimming pool and washer and drier, as well as the usual marina facilities. There are several other marinas and a town dock.
Not to be missed is a park island called Colonel By Island in the Big Rideau (aka Livingston Island) which has washrooms, barbecues (bring charcoal briquettes), picnic tables, horseshoe pit. 48-hour camping is for boaters only. Your Canal overnight mooring pass is good here. This is a taste of the genteel cottage life of these lakes. Don't fish in the fish sanctuary!
The Narrows Locks is one of my favorite spots for boat-watching. Dock at the "top" for a great view of the sunset as long as it isn't windy! There is a pair of Trumpeter swams near the lock so keep a pair of binoculars handy.
Westport is a little off the "track" but a very picturesque town with a public wharf and gas, hardware, groceries, bank, and fishing gear nearby. A liquor store is close to the docks but the beer store is a long walk. The town, which owns it's own telephone and hydro companies, was the first community in Canada (1996) to use a technology that turns sewage into snow! It's called Freeze crystallization.
The canal begins to "decend" at the Newboro Locks, where you have to remember that buoys are now reversed with the red pointed spars on your left (port) side and the green flat spars on your right (starboard)!
South of Newboro you pass though a man-made channel to Newboro Lake, then through a series of lakes controlled by dams. This whole chain of lakes is full of cottages, bays for anchoring, and great fishing. At Chaffey's Locks, the Opinicon Lodge is a favorite stop for people travelling by car and bike as well as boat. The name is an Algonquin word meaning "the gap between two waters." It's a friendly place that attracts a broad mix of tourists and fishermen. It has docks with power, rental boats, a good restaurant (not licenced) and laundromat. Prices are reported to be reasonable. Dorothy's Fishing Lodge is a smaller resort with a restaurant. There is a fish and chips place near the lock. Brown's Marina is a full-service marina.
The stone dam at Jones Falls was the highest in the world in 1832 when it was completed! (map) There are displays, walking trail, swimming ponds, hotels, and restaurants. It also has a lock keeper who plays a great accordian.
It's particularly beautiful in the fall when the leaves turn color. Hotel Kenney is at the bottom of the three locks and has power, restaurant, and a pool. Shangri-La to the south has power, wading pool, fresh baking (if you're quick!). One boater wrote to say "We stayed at Shangra-La and liked it so much we stayed a second night...Very accommodating. Great food..."
After Jones Falls, is Morton Bay, a bay surrounded by tree-filled hills where you you can tie up at the "rock" dock to the left if you are clever. Anchor carefully as it's one of the few places we've dragged our anchor. And don't swim after you feed crumbs to the fish! This is a beautiful spot. Stop at Davis Locks if you're looking for even more peace and quiet.
This village is off the waterway but has a public wharf and marinas and basic shopping. On to the Cataraqui River to Kingston Mills (Canada entry port) where you will meet plenty of boaters while you wait! There's plenty to do with a good museum and interpreters.
Kingston is in a class of it's own for boaters. It is at the junction of the Rideau River, Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River. East leads you on to the Thousand Islands [sigh] and the Seaway. West leads you to the protected waters of the Quinte area. Check cruising hints before entering Kingston harbor.
First choice is Confederation Basin on the downtown waterfront behind the Martello Tower (the entrance is to the north of the light on the breakwater. Anchoring is no longer allowed here. Phone for reservations, then call them on VHF channel 68 at the harbour entrance for docking instructions. It's within easy walking distance to a wide assortment of restaurants, shops, theatres and bars. Laundry, telephones and showers are located in the hotel on shore and ice are available. Security is better than most -- you must show your "card" later in the evening to enter the docks.
There is a grocery store a few blocks from the Basin (north of Princess St.), near the Ontario liquor store, which also sells some beer. The beer store and another supermarket are a long, long way up Princess Street - best to walk there and get a taxi back. Last time I did this the driver loaded and unloaded all my purchases into a dock cart! No, I won't recommend a restaurant -- there are too many to choose from. Go to city hall, turn west about 2 blocks to find the BEST ice cream -- just follow the people with the dripping cones!
In summer, there is daily entertainment in the park in front of City Hall (the big building with the clock tower and wind vane on top) and a market behind City Hall several times a week where you can buy vegetables, baking, flowers and crafts. There is a small marine supply store near the washrooms. You are close to the Kingston Theatre, the Marine Museum, Queen's University, and the Fort. If you get bored with Kingston, hop the free ferry (or take your own boat) for a short ride to Wolfe Island where you can dine at the Wolfe Island Inn if you reserve weeks ahead!
The "Frontenac", the first steamship to navigate Lake Ontario, was built and launched near Kingston, then a shipbuilding centre, on September 7, 1816.
West of Kingston harbour - has a good marine store and restaurant. Nearly Kingston Yacht Club hosts small boats from reciprocating yacht clubs. Kingston Marina and Rideau Marina are smaller marinas on the Rideau canal side of the harbour. Now you really must go visit the Thousand Islands [sigh]. Have a great trip - take your time!
May 17 to June 20
Monday to Thursday
10:00 am 4:00 pm
Friday to Sunday; and Victoria Day
9:00 am 5:00 pm
June 21 to Sept 2
Monday to Thursday
9:00 am 5:00 pm
Friday to Sunday; Canada Day, August Civic Holiday, Labour Day
9:00 am 6:00 pm
Sept 3 to Oct 14
Monday to Thursday
10:00 am 4:00 pm
Friday to Sunday; and Thanksgiving
9:00 am 5:00 pm
If you boat draws over 1.2 metres (4'), contact the Rideau Canal Office before entering the waterway.
Small boats less than 4.3 m (14') high may pass through La Salle Causeway by
using boat channels under the eastern end; higher boats must wait for the lift
bridge to open.
Rideau Canal Headquarters Phone: 613-283-5170 34a Beckwith St. South Toll-free: 1-800-230-0016 (Can/U.S.) Smiths Falls, Ont. K7A 2A8 FAX: 613-283-0677 E-mail: email@example.com